|And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and
said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what
is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?
|And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not
die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that
he will show it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it
is not so.
|And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father
certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith,
Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD
liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and
|Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul
desireth, I will even do it for thee.
|And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is
the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but
let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at
|If thy father at all miss me, then say, David
earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for
there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.
|If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have
peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by
|Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant;
for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee:
notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why
shouldest thou bring me to thy father?
|And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I
knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee,
then would not I tell it thee?
|Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or
what if thy father answer thee roughly?
|And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go
out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.
|And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel,
when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third
day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not
unto thee, and show it thee;
|The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it
please my father to do thee evil, then I will show it thee, and send
thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as
he hath been with my father.
|And thou shalt not only while yet I live show me the
kindness of the LORD, that I die not:
|But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my
house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David
every one from the face of the earth.
|So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David,
saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.
|And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he
loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
|Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new
moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.
|And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou
shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide
thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone
|And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof,
as though I shot at a mark.
|And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out
the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on
this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to
thee, and no hurt; as the LORD liveth.
|But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the
arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee away.
|And as touching the matter which thou and I have
spoken of, behold, the LORD be between thee and me for ever.
|So David hid himself in the field: and when the new
moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.
|And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times,
even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by
Saul's side, and David's place was empty.
|Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for
he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is
|And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the
second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said
unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat,
neither yesterday, nor to day?
|And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked
leave of me to go to Bethlehem:
|And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family
hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be
there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I
pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's
|Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and
he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I
know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and
unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?
|For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the
ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now
send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.
|And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto
him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?
|And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby
Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.
|So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger,
and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for
David, because his father had done him shame.
|And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan
went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little
lad with him.
|And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the
arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
|And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow
which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not
the arrow beyond thee?
|And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste,
stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his
|But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and
David knew the matter.
|And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and
said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.
|And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of
a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed
himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with
another, until David exceeded.
|And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch
as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be
between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he
arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
|Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and
Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art
thou alone, and no man with thee?
|And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king
hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any
thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded
thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.
|Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five
loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.
|And the priest answered David, and said, There is no
common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young
men have kept themselves at least from women.
|And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of
a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I
came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in
a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.
|So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was
no bread there but the showbread, that was taken from before the LORD,
to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.
|Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there
that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite,
the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.
|And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here
under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor
my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.
|And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the
Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here
wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it:
for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like
that; give it me.
|And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul,
and went to Achish the king of Gath.
|And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not
this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him
in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten
|And David laid up these words in his heart, and was
sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
|And he changed his behaviour before them, and
feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the
gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard.
|Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the
man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me?
|Have I need of mad men, that ye have brought this
fellow to play the mad man in my presence? shall this fellow come into
|David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the
cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it,
they went down thither to him.
|And every one that was in distress, and every one
that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered
themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were
with him about four hundred men.
|And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said
unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come
forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me.
|And he brought them before the king of Moab: and
they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.
|And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in
the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David
departed, and came into the forest of Hareth.
|When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the
men that were with him, (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah,
having his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about
|Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about
him, Hear now, ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of
you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands, and
captains of hundreds;
|That all of you have conspired against me, and there
is none that showeth me that my son hath made a league with the son of
Jesse, and there is none of you that is sorry for me, or showeth unto me
that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at
|Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over
the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to
Ahimelech the son of Ahitub.
|And he inquired of the LORD for him, and gave him
victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
|Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the
son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that were in Nob:
and they came all of them to the king.
|And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he
answered, Here I am, my lord.
|And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired
against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him
bread, and a sword, and hast inquired of God for him, that he should
rise against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?
|Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who
is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son
in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?
|Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? be it
far from me: let not the king impute any thing unto his servant, nor to
all the house of my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this,
less or more.
|And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech,
thou, and all thy father's house.
|And the king said unto the footmen that stood about
him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also is
with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not show it to
me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall
upon the priests of the LORD.
|And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon
the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests,
and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen
|And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the
edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen,
and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.
|And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub,
named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.
|And Abiathar showed David that Saul had slain the
|And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day,
when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have
occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father's house.
|Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my
life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard.
|Then they told David, saying, Behold, the
Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors.
|Therefore David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall
I go and smite these Philistines? And the LORD said unto David, Go, and
smite the Philistines, and save Keilah.
|And David's men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid
here in Judah: how much more then if we come to Keilah against the
armies of the Philistines?
|Then David inquired of the LORD yet again. And the
LORD answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah: for I will deliver
the Philistines into thine hand.
|So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with
the Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and smote them with a
great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
|And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of
Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in
|And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah.
And Saul said, God hath delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in,
by entering into a town that hath gates and bars.
|And Saul called all the people together to war, to
go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.
|And David knew that Saul secretly practiced mischief
against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.
|Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant
hath certainly heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the
city for my sake.
|Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand?
will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard? O LORD God of Israel, I
beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the LORD said, He will come down.
|Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me
and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver
|Then David and his men, which were about six
hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah, and went whithersoever they
could go. And it was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and
he forbare to go forth.
|And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds,
and remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought
him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand.
|And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his
life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.
|And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David
into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God.
|And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul
my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I
shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father knoweth.
|And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and
David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
|Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying,
Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the
hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon?
|Now therefore, O king, come down according to all
the desire of thy soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver
him into the king's hand.
|And Saul said, Blessed be ye of the LORD; for ye
have compassion on me.
|Go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know and see his
place where his haunt is, and who hath seen him there: for it is told me
that he dealeth very subtly.
|See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking
places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the
certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be
in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of
|And they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but
David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the
south of Jeshimon.
|Saul also and his men went to seek him. And they
told David: wherefore he came down into a rock, and abode in the
wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in
the wilderness of Maon.
|And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and
David and his men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste to
get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men compassed David and his
men round about to take them.
|But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste
thee, and come; for the Philistines have invaded the land.
|Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David,
and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place
|And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong
holds at Engedi.
|And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from
following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David
is in the wilderness of Engedi.
|Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all
Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild
|And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was
a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men
remained in the sides of the cave.
|And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day
of which the LORD said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy
into thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto
thee. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privily.
|And it came to pass afterward, that David's heart
smote him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt.
|And he said unto his men, The LORD forbid that I
should do this thing unto my master, the LORD'S anointed, to stretch
forth mine hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD.
|So David stayed his servants with these words, and
suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the
cave, and went on his way.
|David also arose afterward, and went out of the
cave, and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king. And when Saul
looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed
|And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's
words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt?
|Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the
LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade
me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth
mine hand against my lord; for he is the LORD'S anointed.
|Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy
robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed
thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil nor transgression
in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my
soul to take it.
|The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD
avenge me of thee: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
|As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness
proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
|After whom is the king of Israel come out? after
whom dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after a flea.
|The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me
and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
|And it came to pass, when David had made an end of
speaking these words unto Saul, that Saul said, Is this thy voice, my
son David? And Saul lifted up his voice, and wept.
|And he said to David, Thou art more righteous than
I: for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil.
|And thou hast showed this day how that thou hast
dealt well with me: forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered me into
thine hand, thou killedst me not.
|For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well
away? wherefore the LORD reward thee good for that thou hast done unto
me this day.
|And now, behold, I know well that thou shalt surely
be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in thine
|Swear now therefore unto me by the LORD, that thou
wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my
name out of my father's house.
|And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home; but
David and his men gat them up unto the hold.
|And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were
gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at
Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
|And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were
in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep,
and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
|Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of
his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a
beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings;
and he was of the house of Caleb.
|And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did
shear his sheep.
|And David sent out ten young men, and David said
unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him
in my name:
|And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in
prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and
peace be unto all that thou hast.
|And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now
thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there
ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.
|Ask thy young men, and they will show thee.
Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a
good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy
servants, and to thy son David.
|And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal
according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.
|And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who
is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days
that break away every man from his master.
|Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my
flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I
know not whence they be?
|So David's young men turned their way, and went
again, and came and told him all those sayings.
|And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man
his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded
on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and
two hundred abode by the stuff.
|But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife,
saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute
our master; and he railed on them.
|But the men were very good unto us, and we were not
hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with
them, when we were in the fields:
|They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all
the while we were with them keeping the sheep.
|Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do;
for evil is determined against our master, and against all his
household: for he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to
|Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred
loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five
measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two
hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.
|And she said unto her servants, Go on before me;
behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.
|And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came
down by the covert on the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down
against her; and she met them.
|Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all
that this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of
all that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good.
|So and more also do God unto the enemies of David,
if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that
pisseth against the wall.
|And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted
off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the
|And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord,
upon me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak
in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid.
|Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of
Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and
folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my
lord, whom thou didst send.
|Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as
thy soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to
shed blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine
enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
|And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath
brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that
follow my lord.
|I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid:
for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord
fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee
all thy days.
|Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy
soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with
the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling
out, as out of the middle of a sling.
|And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have
done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning
thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel;
|That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence
of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or
that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt
well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.
|And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God
of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me:
|And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou,
which hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging
myself with mine own hand.
|For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth,
which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and
come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the
morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
|So David received of her hand that which she had
brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I
have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.
|And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a
feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was
merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him
nothing, less or more, until the morning light.
|But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine
was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his
heart died within him, and he became as a stone.
|And it came to pass about ten days after, that the
LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
|And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said,
Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the
hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath
returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and
communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.
|And when the servants of David were come to Abigail
to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take
thee to him to wife.
|And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the
earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the
feet of the servants of my lord.
|And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass,
with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the
messengers of David, and became his wife.
|David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were
also both of them his wives.
|But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's
wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.