|And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were
gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at
Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
|And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were
in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep,
and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
|Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of
his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a
beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings;
and he was of the house of Caleb.
|And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did
shear his sheep.
|And David sent out ten young men, and David said
unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him
in my name:
|And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in
prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and
peace be unto all that thou hast.
|And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now
thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there
ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.
|Ask thy young men, and they will show thee.
Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a
good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy
servants, and to thy son David.
|And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal
according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.
|And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who
is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days
that break away every man from his master.
|Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my
flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I
know not whence they be?
|So David's young men turned their way, and went
again, and came and told him all those sayings.
|And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man
his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded
on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and
two hundred abode by the stuff.
|But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife,
saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute
our master; and he railed on them.
|But the men were very good unto us, and we were not
hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with
them, when we were in the fields:
|They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all
the while we were with them keeping the sheep.
|Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do;
for evil is determined against our master, and against all his
household: for he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to
|Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred
loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five
measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two
hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.
|And she said unto her servants, Go on before me;
behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.
|And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came
down by the covert on the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down
against her; and she met them.
|Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all
that this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of
all that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good.
|So and more also do God unto the enemies of David,
if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that
pisseth against the wall.
|And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted
off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the
|And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord,
upon me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak
in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid.
|Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of
Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and
folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my
lord, whom thou didst send.
|Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as
thy soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to
shed blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine
enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
|And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath
brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that
follow my lord.
|I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid:
for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord
fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee
all thy days.
|Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy
soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with
the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling
out, as out of the middle of a sling.
|And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have
done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning
thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel;
|That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence
of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or
that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt
well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.
|And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God
of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me:
|And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou,
which hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging
myself with mine own hand.
|For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth,
which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and
come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the
morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
|So David received of her hand that which she had
brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I
have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.
|And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a
feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was
merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him
nothing, less or more, until the morning light.
|But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine
was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his
heart died within him, and he became as a stone.
|And it came to pass about ten days after, that the
LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
|And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said,
Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the
hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath
returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and
communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.
|And when the servants of David were come to Abigail
to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take
thee to him to wife.
|And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the
earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the
feet of the servants of my lord.
|And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass,
with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the
messengers of David, and became his wife.
|David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were
also both of them his wives.
|But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's
wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.
|And the Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah, saying,
Doth not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which is before
|Then Saul arose, and went down to the wilderness of
Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David
in the wilderness of Ziph.
|And Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah, which is
before Jeshimon, by the way. But David abode in the wilderness, and he
saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness.
|David therefore sent out spies, and understood that
Saul was come in very deed.
|And David arose, and came to the place where Saul
had pitched: and David beheld the place where Saul lay, and Abner the
son of Ner, the captain of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the
people pitched round about him.
|Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the
Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who
will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go
down with thee.
|So David and Abishai came to the people by night:
and, behold, Saul lay sleeping within the trench, and his spear stuck in
the ground at his bolster: but Abner and the people lay round about him.
|Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine
enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray
thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not smite him
the second time.
|And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who
can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be
|David said furthermore, As the LORD liveth, the LORD
shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into
battle, and perish.
|The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine
hand against the LORD'S anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the
spear that is at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go.
|So David took the spear and the cruse of water from
Saul's bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it,
neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the
LORD was fallen upon them.
|Then David went over to the other side, and stood on
the top of an hill afar off; a great space being between them:
|And David cried to the people, and to Abner the son
of Ner, saying, Answerest thou not, Abner? Then Abner answered and said,
Who art thou that criest to the king?
|And David said to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man?
and who is like to thee in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy
lord the king? for there came one of the people in to destroy the king
|This thing is not good that thou hast done. As the
LORD liveth, ye are worthy to die, because ye have not kept your master,
the LORD'S anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the
cruse of water that was at his bolster.
|And Saul knew David's voice, and said, Is this thy
voice, my son David? And David said, It is my voice, my lord, O king.
|And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue
after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil is in mine hand?
|Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king
hear the words of his servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against
me, let him accept an offering: but if they be the children of men,
cursed be they before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day
from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other
|Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth
before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek
a flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains.
|Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David:
for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine
eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred
|And David answered and said, Behold the king's
spear! and let one of the young men come over and fetch it.
|The LORD render to every man his righteousness and
his faithfulness: for the LORD delivered thee into my hand to day, but I
would not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed.
|And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day in
mine eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and
let him deliver me out of all tribulation.
|Then Saul said to David, Blessed be thou, my son
David: thou shalt both do great things, and also shalt still prevail. So
David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place.
|And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one
day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I
should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall
despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I
escape out of his hand.
|And David arose, and he passed over with the six
hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of
|And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men,
every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the
Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
|And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath:
and he sought no more again for him.
|And David said unto Achish, If I have now found
grace in thine eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the
country, that I may dwell there: for why should thy servant dwell in the
royal city with thee?
|Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore
Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day.
|And the time that David dwelt in the country of the
Philistines was a full year and four months.
|And David and his men went up, and invaded the
Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were
of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the
land of Egypt.
|And David smote the land, and left neither man nor
woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and
the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.
|And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day?
And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the
Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.
|And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to
bring tidings to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So
did David, and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the
country of the Philistines.
|And Achish believed David, saying, He hath made his
people Israel utterly to abhor him; therefore he shall be my servant for
|And it came to pass in those days, that the
Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with
Israel. And Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt
go out with me to battle, thou and thy men.
|And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know
what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make
thee keeper of mine head for ever.
|Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented
him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put
away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land.
|And the Philistines gathered themselves together,
and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together,
and they pitched in Gilboa.
|And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he
was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.
|And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD
answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
|Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman
that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and inquire of her.
And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a
familiar spirit at Endor.
|And Saul disguised himself, and put on other
raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman
by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar
spirit, and bring me him up, whom I shall name unto thee.
|And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest
what Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar
spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: wherefore then layest thou a
snare for my life, to cause me to die?
|And Saul sware to her by the LORD, saying, As the
LORD liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.
|Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto
thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel.
|And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud
voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me?
for thou art Saul.
|And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what
sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of
|And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she
said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul
perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the
ground, and bowed himself.
|And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted
me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the
Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and
answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I
have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.
|Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of
me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy?
|And the LORD hath done to him, as he spake by me:
for the LORD hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to
thy neighbour, even to David:
|Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor
executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done
this thing unto thee this day.
|Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee
into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow shalt thou and thy sons
be with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand
of the Philistines.
|Then Saul fell straightway all along on the earth,
and was sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no
strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the
|And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was
sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy
voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy
words which thou spakest unto me.
|Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto
the voice of thine handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before
thee; and eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy
|But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his
servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto
their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.
|And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she
hasted, and killed it, and took flour, and kneaded it, and did bake
unleavened bread thereof:
|And she brought it before Saul, and before his
servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night.
|Now the Philistines gathered together all their
armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in
|And the lords of the Philistines passed on by
hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the
rereward with Achish.
|Then said the princes of the Philistines, What do
these Hebrews here? And Achish said unto the princes of the Philistines,
Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath
been with me these days, or these years, and I have found no fault in
him since he fell unto me unto this day?
|And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with
him; and the princes of the Philistines said unto him, Make this fellow
return, that he may go again to his place which thou hast appointed him,
and let him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he be an
adversary to us: for wherewith should he reconcile himself unto his
master? should it not be with the heads of these men?
|Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another
in dances, saying, Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten thousands?
|Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely,
as the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy
coming in with me in the host is good in my sight: for I have not found
evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day:
nevertheless the lords favour thee not.
|Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou
displease not the lords of the Philistines.
|And David said unto Achish, But what have I done?
and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee
unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord
|And Achish answered and said to David, I know that
thou art good in my sight, as an angel of God: notwithstanding the
princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the
|Wherefore now rise up early in the morning with thy
master's servants that are come with thee: and as soon as ye be up early
in the morning, and have light, depart.
|So David and his men rose up early to depart in the
morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines
went up to Jezreel.
|And it came to pass, when David and his men were
come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the
south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire;
|And had taken the women captives, that were therein:
they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and
went on their way.
|So David and his men came to the city, and, behold,
it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their
daughters, were taken captives.
|Then David and the people that were with him lifted
up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.
|And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam
the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
|And David was greatly distressed; for the people
spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved,
every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged
himself in the LORD his God.
|And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's
son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought
thither the ephod to David.
|And David inquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I
pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him,
Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover
|So David went, he and the six hundred men that were
with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind
|But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two
hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over
the brook Besor.
|And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought
him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him
|And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two
clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to
him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and
|And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and
whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an
Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days ago I fell sick.
|We made an invasion upon the south of the
Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the
south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.
|And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to
this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither
kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring
thee down to this company.
|And when he had brought him down, behold, they were
spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing,
because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of
the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.
|And David smote them from the twilight even unto the
evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four
hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.
|And David recovered all that the Amalekites had
carried away: and David rescued his two wives.
|And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small
nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that
they had taken to them: David recovered all.
|And David took all the flocks and the herds, which
they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil.
|And David came to the two hundred men, which were so
faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide
at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the
people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he
|Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial,
of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us,
we will not give them ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to
every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and
|Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren,
with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and
delivered the company that came against us into our hand.
|For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as
his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that
tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.
|And it was so from that day forward, that he made it
a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.
|And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil
unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present
for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD;
|To them which were in Bethel, and to them which were
in south Ramoth, and to them which were in Jattir,
|And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which
were in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshtemoa,
|And to them which were in Rachal, and to them which
were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the
cities of the Kenites,
|And to them which were in Hormah, and to them which
were in Chorashan, and to them which were in Athach,
|And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the
places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.
|Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the
men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in
|And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon
his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and
Melchishua, Saul's sons.
|And the battle went sore against Saul, and the
archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.
|Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy
sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come
and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for
he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.
|And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he
fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.
|So Saul died, and his three sons, and his
armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
|And when the men of Israel that were on the other
side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw
that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they
forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in
|And it came to pass on the morrow, when the
Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three
sons fallen in mount Gilboa.
|And they cut off his head, and stripped off his
armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to
publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people.
|And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth:
and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.
|And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of
that which the Philistines had done to Saul;
|All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and
took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of
Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.
|And they took their bones, and buried them under a
tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.