|A good name is better than precious ointment; and
the day of death than the day of one's birth.
|It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to
go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men; and the
living will lay it to his heart.
|Sorrow is better than laughter: for by the sadness
of the countenance the heart is made better.
|The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning;
but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.
|It is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than
for a man to hear the song of fools.
|For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is
the laughter of the fool: this also is vanity.
|Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad; and a gift
destroyeth the heart.
|Better is the end of a thing than the beginning
thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.
|Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger
resteth in the bosom of fools.
|Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days
were better than these? for thou dost not inquire wisely concerning
|Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there
is profit to them that see the sun.
|For wisdom is a defence, and money is a defence: but
the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them that
|Consider the work of God: for who can make that
straight, which he hath made crooked?
|In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day
of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other,
to the end that man should find nothing after him.
|All things have I seen in the days of my vanity:
there is a just man that perisheth in his righteousness, and there is a
wicked man that prolongeth his life in his wickedness.
|Be not righteous over much; neither make thyself
over wise: why shouldest thou destroy thyself?
|Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish:
why shouldest thou die before thy time?
|It is good that thou shouldest take hold of this;
yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand: for he that feareth God
shall come forth of them all.
|Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more than ten mighty
men which are in the city.
|For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth
good, and sinneth not.
|Also take no heed unto all words that are spoken;
lest thou hear thy servant curse thee:
|For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that
thou thyself likewise hast cursed others.
|All this have I proved by wisdom: I said, I will be
wise; but it was far from me.
|That which is far off, and exceeding deep, who can
find it out?
|I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to
seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of
folly, even of foolishness and madness:
|And I find more bitter than death the woman, whose
heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: whoso pleaseth God
shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her.
|Behold, this have I found, saith the preacher,
counting one by one, to find out the account:
|Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: one man
among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not
|Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man
upright; but they have sought out many inventions.
|Who is as the wise man? and who knoweth the
interpretation of a thing? a man's wisdom maketh his face to shine, and
the boldness of his face shall be changed.
|I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and
that in regard of the oath of God.
|Be not hasty to go out of his sight: stand not in an
evil thing; for he doeth whatsoever pleaseth him.
|Where the word of a king is, there is power: and who
may say unto him, What doest thou?
|Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil
thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.
|Because to every purpose there is time and judgment,
therefore the misery of man is great upon him.
|For he knoweth not that which shall be: for who can
tell him when it shall be?
|There is no man that hath power over the spirit to
retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there
is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that
are given to it.
|All this have I seen, and applied my heart unto
every work that is done under the sun: there is a time wherein one man
ruleth over another to his own hurt.
|And so I saw the wicked buried, who had come and
gone from the place of the holy, and they were forgotten in the city
where they had so done: this is also vanity.
|Because sentence against an evil work is not
executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set
in them to do evil.
|Though a sinner do evil an hundred times, and his
days be prolonged, yet surely I know that it shall be well with them
that fear God, which fear before him:
|But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither
shall he prolong his days, which are as a shadow; because he feareth not
|There is a vanity which is done upon the earth; that
there be just men, unto whom it happeneth according to the work of the
wicked; again, there be wicked men, to whom it happeneth according to
the work of the righteous: I said that this also is vanity.
|Then I commended mirth, because a man hath no better
thing under the sun, than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry: for
that shall abide with him of his labour the days of his life, which God
giveth him under the sun.
|When I applied mine heart to know wisdom, and to see
the business that is done upon the earth: (for also there is that
neither day nor night seeth sleep with his eyes:)
|Then I beheld all the work of God, that a man cannot
find out the work that is done under the sun: because though a man
labour to seek it out, yet he shall not find it; yea farther; though a
wise man think to know it, yet shall he not be able to find it.
|For all this I considered in my heart even to
declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, are
in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred by all that is
|All things come alike to all: there is one event to
the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to
the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not:
as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that
feareth an oath.
|This is an evil among all things that are done under
the sun, that there is one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the
sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they
live, and after that they go to the dead.
|For to him that is joined to all the living there is
hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion.
|For the living know that they shall die: but the
dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the
memory of them is forgotten.
|Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy,
is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any
thing that is done under the sun.
|Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy
wine with a merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works.
|Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head
lack no ointment.
|Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the
days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun,
all the days of thy vanity: for that is thy portion in this life, and in
thy labour which thou takest under the sun.
|I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is
not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the
wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of
skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all.
|For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes
that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the
snare; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth
suddenly upon them.
|This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it
seemed great unto me:
|There was a little city, and few men within it; and
there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great
bulwarks against it:
|Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by
his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.
|Then said I, Wisdom is better than strength:
nevertheless the poor man's wisdom is despised, and his words are not
|The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than
the cry of him that ruleth among fools.
|Wisdom is better than weapons of war: but one sinner
destroyeth much good.
|Dead flies cause the ointment of the apothecary to
send forth a stinking savour: so doth a little folly him that is in
reputation for wisdom and honour.
|A wise man's heart is at his right hand; but a
fool's heart at his left.
|Yea also, when he that is a fool walketh by the way,
his wisdom faileth him, and he saith to every one that he is a fool.
|If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee,
leave not thy place; for yielding pacifieth great offences.
|There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, as
an error which proceedeth from the ruler:
|Folly is set in great dignity, and the rich sit in
|I have seen servants upon horses, and princes
walking as servants upon the earth.
|He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; and whoso
breaketh an hedge, a serpent shall bite him.
|Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt therewith; and
he that cleaveth wood shall be endangered thereby.
|If the iron be blunt, and he do not whet the edge,
then must he put to more strength: but wisdom is profitable to direct.
|Surely the serpent will bite without enchantment;
and a babbler is no better.
|The words of a wise man's mouth are gracious; but
the lips of a fool will swallow up himself.
|The beginning of the words of his mouth is
foolishness: and the end of his talk is mischievous madness.
|A fool also is full of words: a man cannot tell what
shall be; and what shall be after him, who can tell him?
|The labour of the foolish wearieth every one of
them, because he knoweth not how to go to the city.
|Woe to thee, O land, when thy king is a child, and
thy princes eat in the morning!
|Blessed art thou, O land, when thy king is the son
of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for
|By much slothfulness the building decayeth; and
through idleness of the hands the house droppeth through.
|A feast is made for laughter, and wine maketh merry:
but money answereth all things.
|Curse not the king, no not in thy thought; and curse
not the rich in thy bedchamber: for a bird of the air shall carry the
voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter.
|Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find
it after many days.
|Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou
knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.
|If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves
upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the
north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be.
|He that observeth the wind shall not sow; and he
that regardeth the clouds shall not reap.
|As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit,
nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so
thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all.
|In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening
withhold not thine hand: for thou knowest not whether shall prosper,
either this or that, or whether they both shall be alike good.
|Truly the light is sweet, and a pleasant thing it is
for the eyes to behold the sun:
|But if a man live many years, and rejoice in them
all; yet let him remember the days of darkness; for they shall be many.
All that cometh is vanity.
|Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy
heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine
heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these
things God will bring thee into judgment.
|Therefore remove sorrow from thy heart, and put away
evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth are vanity.
|Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth,
while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt
say, I have no pleasure in them;
|While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the
stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain:
|In the day when the keepers of the house shall
tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease
because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be
|And the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the
sound of the grinding is low, and he shall rise up at the voice of the
bird, and all the daughters of music shall be brought low;
|Also when they shall be afraid of that which is
high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish,
and the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall fail: because
man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets:
|Or ever the silver cord be loosed, or the golden
bowl be broken, or the pitcher be broken at the fountain, or the wheel
broken at the cistern.
|Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was:
and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
|Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher; all is
|And moreover, because the preacher was wise, he
still taught the people knowledge; yea, he gave good heed, and sought
out, and set in order many proverbs.
|The preacher sought to find out acceptable words:
and that which was written was upright, even words of truth.
|The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails
fastened by the masters of assemblies, which are given from one
|And further, by these, my son, be admonished: of
making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the
|Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear
God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.
|For God shall bring every work into judgment, with
every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.